Although Alexander Hamilton was never able to muster the popular appeal to stand successfully for elective office, he was far and away the Federalists' main generator of ideology and public policy.
Given the existing confusion over terminology, it is not surprising that the framers employed various terms to describe the novel government they proposed. To some of those steeped in the older tradition, the union of representation and democracy seemed a marvelous and epochal invention.
Openly distrustful of the latent radicalism of the masses, they could nonetheless credibly appeal to workers and artisans. Hamilton responded that because of the mass of necessary detail, a vast body of powers had to be implied by general clauses, and one of these authorized Congress to "make all laws which shall be necessary and proper" for carrying out other powers specifically granted.
Thus they favored states' rights. Thus, his presidency is not always seen as a model of limited government. Indeed, the Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, and the Republicans also called Democratic-Republicansled by Thomas Jefferson, were the first political parties in the Western world.
Anti-Federalists, on the other hand, wanted governmental power to lie at the state level. Their political stronghold was in the New England states.