A research on the difference between maroons and runaways

Today, continuing battles over the control of the valuable gold mining and timber rights in the interior affect every aspect of contemporary Maroon life in Suriname, with the national government claiming sovereignty over the territories the Maroons' ancestors died for.

Skip to main content Another difference between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was. During the late 17th and 18th centuries, the British tried to capture them because they occasionally raided plantationsand made expansion into the interior more difficult.

Over time, the main change in the population of runaway slaves was the decline in the number of African-born slaves. Rather than accept slavery, the Maroons fought against the British. Roger Bastidepp.

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Although prohibited in most places by law, self-hire was widespread; if runaways could convince a potential employer that they had been sent by their owner to find work, they could often be hired with few questions asked.

It offered ethnic Africans a chance to set up their own community there, beginning in What is surprising, given the odds against them, was the growing stream of runaway slaves that continued unabated over many decades. The great majority were young men in their teens and twenties.

During the past several decades anthropological field-work has underlined the strength of historical consciousness among the descendants of these rebel slaves and the dynamism and originality of their cultural institutions. In stressing these isolated African "retentions," there is a danger of neglecting cultural continuities of a more significant kind.

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At the same time the construction, by Alcoa and the Suriname government, of a giant hydroelectric project brought a dramatic migration toward the coast, with some six thousand people forced to abandon their homes as an artificial lake gradually flooded almost half of Saramaka territory. The period after emancipation in initially was marked by a conflict between the plantocracy and elements in the Colonial Office over the extent to which individual freedom should be coupled with political participation for blacks. From their late seventeenth-century origins and the details of their wars and treaty making to their current struggles with multinational mining and timber companies, much is now known about these peoples' achievements, in large part because of the extensive recent collaboration by Sara-maka and Ndyuka Maroons with anthropologists. A number of slave survivors sought freedom in the unconquered interior, where they allied with indigenous peoples. Most contemporaries affirmed that what were called habitual or perpetual runaways received cruel and brutal punishments. Though he was arrested in Kingston, he was transferred by Eyre to Morant Bay, where he could be tried under martial law. Since , the Jamaican government and Maroon communities have held the Annual International Maroon Conference at rotating communities around the island. It offered ethnic Africans a chance to set up their own community there, beginning in There men, women, and children attempted to recreate an African society on the frontier. For an illustrated introduction to this community, see de Friedemann and Cross []. Some were thought to have forged passes.

Other slave resistance efforts against the French plantation system were more direct. One group of African-born slaves ran away to the mountainous backcountry.

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Maroon (people)