The law of causality is a formal principle that one cannot deny without embracing irrationality. New Haven: Yale University Press, Christian History 4, 4 John Calvin acknowledged that men, though fallen, perform works of seeming righteousness, and he called these works acts of civic righteousness.Pauw, Amy Plantinga. Since he cannot act against his strongest inclination, he will never choose Christ unless God first changes the inclination of his soul by the immediate and supernatural work of regeneration. And because sovereignty belongs to him alone he doesn't share his causal power with others. The subjective side is extensively treated in a number of works of the s and s, however, the most important of which is Religious Affections. On the surface it seems that these choices are entirely arbitrary. The will is always free to act according to the strongest motive or inclination at the moment. God's sovereignty also extends to criteria of identity. Our desires are often complex and even in conflict with each other. What entices fallen man to sin is the desire for some perceived pleasure. God is thus the only true substance as well as the only true cause. Edwards' model is not a whole and its parts, or a substance a bearer of properties and its properties, or an essence and its accidents, but agent causality. McDermott, Gerald R. Edwards answers this supposition with the following reply: To this I would reply, that such an evasion will not at all avail to the purpose of those whom I oppose in this controversy. Edwards concludes that he creates the world for his own glory. And as this is in itself excellent, so a disposition to this in the Divine Being must be looked upon as a perfection or an excellent disposition; such an emanation of good is, in some sense, a multiplication of it.
When we behold the light and brightness of the sun, the goldened edges of an evening cloud, or the beauteous bow, we behold the adumbrations of His glory and goodness. The created world is, thus, for Edwards, the communicative emblem of God, wherein God gives Godself to be communicated and known through the impress of Godself that exists in the created structure.
We choose them without thinking.
First, the new spiritual disposition and tastes which God bestows on the soul are divine. We should not conclude that pity or other instinctual affections, or even rational self-love, are bad.
If no effect is produced then it is not a cause. Every time we sin we desire more to do that than we do to obey Christ.