Lessons learned fom vietnam war diplomatic negotiations

Vietnam peace day

And I think it suggests to me that the great similarity in these conflicts—which I think, again, American officials, they understood this. You know, I think that most Americans either regarded authorities as the authorities, and so when Westmoreland comes and says everything is going fine they tend to believe it, or else they simply are not paying any attention. And so the other takeaway is that, in fact, Tet Offensive ensured that the Vietnam War would not be important for the long duration? The Americans killed hundreds of enemies and captured their arms, but at the cost of whipping up the pressure back home to stop the killing. They started negotiating. And so that hour lag between—so what happened on January 30th, Giao Thua, which is the—you know, the sort of—the moment in which the old comes in with the new when you welcome in the new year, which was supposed to be the D-Day, of course, you only saw the cities and towns across the uppermost provinces in the north and Da Nang and the Central Highlands be attacked and a full hours later that was when Saigon and Hue was attacked. And the site that they really focused on Hue. I want to kind of hook onto what Frankie had mentioned about Khe Sanh. This would topple the Saigon regime and end the war before the Americans could intervene. Starting in January , the Viet Cong and the North Vietnam soldiers reached a climactic moment through the Tet Offensive, unleashing automatic rifles, antitank guns and rockets at Saigon and 36 provincial capitals, killing 1, Americans. Wanted to be named defense minister after World War II. First aim was to foment the general insurrection, to overthrow Saigon. And in likewise it seems to me that Hanoi comes out of it battered and bruised, no question, but still ultimately committed in the same way that it was to prevailing, winning this thing, having a reunified Vietnam under communist rule.

It all rested in American military strength. You know, Westmoreland kept saying, oh, oh, we expected it.

Negotiating in vietnam

Kennan served as a Soviet front for two years in Moscow as chief of mission and a consultant for Ambassador Averell Harriman. After years of military action attempting to stop Cold War Soviet expansion, first in Vietnam under Presidents Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon, followed by the quick and possibly unnecessary bombing of Cambodia by President Ford in response to seizure of the U. My own view is that we have exaggerated the—exaggerated the importance of Tet. One, that even prior to Tet, as I suggested earlier, there is a growing sense of gloom and pessimism at the highest levels of the American government. And that also causes some great rifts in the politburo. And we should remember that after Tet, both Hanoi and the United States waged the war ferociously. I really hate counterfactuals. Q: Jeff Laurenti. We can win and we are going to win. Yes, he did drive a hard bargain in the talks. We can hold the cities and towns. Up here in the front. The tragedy was not that our country lost, but that we started the war, and then failed to learn the lessons from our disaster.

That, you know, Le Duan had reason to believe that possibly the South Vietnamese cities and towns were tinderboxes ready to explode, because of what happened in the summer ofwith the resistance struggle, in which the Buddhist political movement joined forces with I Corps, and were about to, you know, break off from Saigon.

Presidential Doctrines: President Kennedy and the Communist.

paris peace accords

After years of military action attempting to stop Cold War Soviet expansion, first in Vietnam under Presidents Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon, followed by the quick and possibly unnecessary bombing of Cambodia by President Ford in response to seizure of the U.

Because his sort of trajectory of coming to power is, I think, unusual. So I guess this is the—this is the great thing about being editor of a series is that there is— laughs —a forthcoming history, sort of Southeast Asia after Vietnam and after Tet, which shows the sort of inner workings of all these governments moving even much more to the right than we can understand.

So he was four years younger than General Giap. American military strategy followed the classic doctrine that victory depended on a combination of control of territory and attrition of the opponent.

They were arrested, many of whom were actually involved in the military planning for the Tet Offensive.

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The Viet Nam Negotiations