Unit 8 phychological perspectives

Psychological perspectives for health and social care unit 11

The psychodynamic perspective The term psychodynamic perspective refers to the theories and therapies developed by Sigmund Freud and supported by his followers. Psychoanalysis was focused on understanding the unconscious motivations that drive behaviour while behaviourism studied the conditioning processes that produce behaviour. I will now discuss the strengths and limitations of these two perspectives. As a result, the symptoms of depression were reported to be reduced. Extinction and systematic desensitization are frequently used for treating anxiety disorders. Stage 2 — autonomy vs shame and doubt y Autonomy means freedom the child starts to do small things for themselves. Finally, most have seen the benefits of humanism carry over into different professions. People can also apply this theory, which argues that people learn from each other through observation and socialisation, to their small business. In addition, the principles of behaviourism have been tested mainly on animals. Cognitive therapy can be used to treat fears if they really interfere with life and daily routines. When children are attracted to the opposite sex parent for example boys will have murderous feelings towards their father and sexual feelings towards their mother. This ethnologist the study of animal behaviour argues it is a weakness because it ignores innate biological factors. Psychodynamic means a wide number of theories which emphasise the effect of the unconscious mind, personality, interpersonal relationships and the influence of childhood experiences which will have an effect on the person later on in their life. An example of this is the Little Hans case study.

The use made of animals in experiments is concerning, both scientifically and ethically. Kelly said that if you plan ahead and have many options your anxiety levels will reduce. The short-term memory — In this section of the multi-store model of memory the information we use regularly is stored, the hearing and the visual.

Within a social care setting, the cognitive perspective can be used by a psychologist to help an individual who suffers with ADHD, and would like a non-medical treatment.

Unit 8 phychological perspectives

Erick Erikson was also apart of this perspective. The unconscious mind has been restricted to potentially harmful memories that might be stored or stirring their bad memories of bad experiences that influence our conscious behaviour even though we are unaware of their impact. Additionally, a positive reinforcer could possibly be having good time when consuming alcohol, and so desiring to endure this on a additional instances. Humanism has offered new ideals for approaching the understanding of human nature and condition, and expanded the horizon of methods used to study human behaviour. In reference to social care work, social workers will need to understand that young people suffering from behavioural issues or any other mental-health related behaviours may be genetic and not a cause from the environment. Behaviourism is primarily concerned with observable behaviour, as opposed to internal events like thinking and emotions. Conversely, if an approach fails to treat the underlying causes of the behaviour, it is probable the behaviour will return subsequent to the treatment the individual receives, for instance, Systematic Desensitisation and aversion therapy. Behaviour is learned from the environment through the process of observational learning. As he was able to make the dog associate the ringing of the bell to food.

Birth — 18 months your obsessed with putting things in your mouth this is called the oral stage. Humanistic health professionals care about their patients as much as they care for them.

d1 analyse psychological perspectives in relation to nature nurture

Physiological needs. Behaving in primary school and receiving stickers in class from teachers. It ignores the role of environmental factors and those such as experiences and feelings. A major strength of the behaviourist approach is that it focuses on behaviour which can be observed and manipulated under laboratory conditions, as the environment is highly controlled, collecting objective quantitative data.

Unit 8 health and social care public health

All behaviour has a cause usually unconscious , even slips of the tongue. The doctor, nurse or service provider would start with a lower level of fear and continue using classical conditioning to tackle the alcohol addiction. Behaviourists believe that behaviour can be objectively and scientifically measured, and that internal events like thinking and emotion can be explained using behavioural terms. However the fact that Freud thinks that women subconscious mind is weaker is very sexist and bias. He came up with the theory of Maslow hierarchy of needs he explained five motivational needs that individuals used to motive themselves. These approaches are often very useful in changing maladaptive or harmful behaviors in both children and adults. Twin studies provide geneticists with a kind of natural experiment in which the behavioural likeness of identical twins can be compared with the resemblance of dizygotic twins whose genetic relatedness is 0. It keeps your desires realistic and under control. Shiffrin and Atkinson are the two main researchers in this perspective. According to Boundless Rogers believed that humans are constantly reacting to stimuli with their subjective reality phenomenal field , which changes continuously. Another strength is that it takes both nature and nurture into account. Because of this, the understanding of how a child learns through observation and how an adult learns through observation are not differentiated, and factors of development are not included. Also students can be encouraged by the self-fulfilling prophecy. Cognitive Theory Cognitive theory is an approach that attempts to explain human behaviour by understanding your thought processes.

The presence of a given genetic trait in only one member of a pair of identical twins called discordance provides a powerful window into environmental effects.

Bio psychological explanations often focus on which brain areas are responsible for which types of thinking or behaviour and how they connect with other functions and brain areas. It is clearly behaviourist in that it advocates that children are motivated to imitate behaviour if that behaviour is seen as resulting in praise or some other kind of reward.

Within the health sector, the cognitive perspective can be used to treat those who are suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD.

Unit 8 health and social care level 2

First stage is sensory motor which begins at birth this is when the child cannot think about things that are not immediately in front of them, therefor only focusing on what they are doing and witnessing in the moment. The adoption theory was taking from kids who have been adopted to see if behavioral traits were studied by nature or nurture. One of the major weaknesses with Humanistic theories is lack of empirical evidence to support its claims. Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior. Defence mechanisms are a coping technique that can help reduce anxiety. The social learning theory is aware of the fact that behaviour can become fixed. Esteem needs 3. Since behavioural theory emphasizes that individuals and animals learn new behaviour through classical and operant conditioning, behaviourism is applied in areas like gender role development, behavioural therapy and modification, and treatment of phobias. Bandura conducted an experiment which consisted of a bobo doll and children being shown a video of an adult demonstrating negative behaviour towards it. How the behaviourist approach is compared to health and social care The behaviourist perspective consists of two components of the conditioning theory- classical conditioning; which claims behaviour is learnt as a result of association.
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Unit 8: Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care