Were the greek dark ages really dark
Decisions affecting the whole oikos were made by a council of elders, probably under the guidance and influence of the family head.
To act, he needed cooperation from other leading warriors in the village. The distribution of the Ionic Greek dialect in historic times indicates early movement from the mainland of Greece to the Anatolian coast to such sites as MiletusEphesusand Colophonperhaps as early asbut the contemporaneous evidence is scant.
The greek dark age was a period of quizlet
Information on these and other recent discoveries can be easily accessed on the internet. They had palatial centers, engaged in trade, and were even considered fairly sophisticated. Besides the oikos, more extended kinship units also existed. Their solution is a massive population drop. Whether or not this happened to Mycenaeans is still up for debate. Over the last 80 years, at least , more pieces have come to light, forming a treasury of information going back to Shang times. Also, exports of Greek pottery demonstrate contact with the Levant coast at such sites as Al-Mina and with the region of the Villanovan culture to the north of Rome. The same pattern has been recorded in Knossos and other cemeteries across Greece. It is around this period that the Athenian Kerameikos becomes a cemetery and that cremation becomes a much more widely known burial custom. His focus is on Early Iron Age Greece. Nevertheless, the details — the walls that became known as Cyclopean, the fantastic metal- and stonework — largely do not seem to have been appreciated. A tribe was made up of large numbers of persons thought to have a remote common ancestor.
This approach, to think about the evidence that we do have in different ways that produce results, is a much better reason to study this period: focusing on the positives, rather than the negatives. There was still farming, weaving, metalworking and pottery but at a lower level of output and for local use in local styles.
During some time after the destruction of the palaces, the pottery industry continued during the LH IIIC period, but it eventually decreaded its quality, followed by the emergence of new regional pottery styles.
It can remind us that the Greeks were human. The same pattern has been recorded in Knossos and other cemeteries across Greece.
Were the greek dark ages really dark
Each demos had a leader or sometimes more than one. But when a major decision affecting the whole demos had to be made, they would have a mass meeting called an agora. Information on these and other recent discoveries can be easily accessed on the internet. The foreign countries For all that the eighth century seems to be an explosion of Greek culture, what we see is undoubtedly building upon several centuries of activity. This was a larger structure than those surrounding it but it was still made from the same materials mud brick and thatched roof. The Big Man is an informal leader, identified by Anthropologists in some primitive cultures, who maintains his influence through gift and favor giving, and, sometimes by virtue of his leadership in warfare.
Trading contacts essentially ceased. Some parts of Ancient Greece, however, recovered much faster than others.
The rich Mycenaean chamber tombs and shaft graves had given way to meager cist graves for all classes. Village families intermarried and over time, everyone came to be related to everyone else.
Why was the dark age of greece considered dark
The increase in the number of settlements is in line in the growing number of graves at Athens, Attica, and Argos during the 8th century BCE. Village families intermarried and over time, everyone came to be related to everyone else. Yet, even though all Hellenes spoke Greek, they did not all speak it the same way. Astronomical records in particular were lost for long periods of time, and with them much of the knowledge for accurately predicting recurring phenomena such as comets and eclipses. Cremation, another "intrusive" element, has also been recorded during Mycenaean times in western Anatolia , Attica, and even in Italy. Tribes probably existed in the Dark Ages, because there is good evidence that they existed in some form earlier in the Bronze Age. Clans may not have existed in the early Dark Ages, but the Greeks did have tribes. They lived in large centers that were made of stone, and each of these centers had a palace as its center. Mycenae itself certainly declines. In the s three scholars in particular contributed to the elucidation of the period and our historical understanding of it. Why the dialects arose is not absolutely certain, but they most likely resulted from movements by various Greek-speaking groups in the late Bronze Age and early Dark Ages.
However, during this time period, there is evidence throughout the Mediterranean that various attempts to overthrow some of the existing rulers was in place.
based on 6 review